Jump to content


Photo

The cutaway drawing and its artists


  • Please log in to reply
13414 replies to this topic

#4001 Tony Matthews

Tony Matthews
  • Member

  • 17,499 posts
  • Joined: September 08

Posted 04 March 2010 - 12:08

Well, there we were Alan, both tapping away saying the same thing, only yours was precise and to the point, while mine was 'War and Peace - the Illustration'! As a matter of interest I did all my engine cutaways from the inside out untill the Ilmor Mercedes 500I, then all subsequent engines/gearboxes from the outside in...

Advertisement

#4002 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 12:13

Sorry I missed that. I should have left it for Bonde :wave:

I think it would be impossible to do any serious Technical Illustration without the ability to read Engineering Drawings.

For instance, this was produced using a photo for external detail but all the internal parts were drawn completely from plans.



I consider you to be one of the 'elite' :) there are about eight or nine of you on here, deep historical/research knowledge, deep practical knowledge, it is probably difficult to appreciate unless you are a 'technical illustration' outsider like myself, but as I have said before this really is one of the best 'threads' on the internet let alone Autosport, 4000+ is testament to this.

Edited by werks prototype, 04 March 2010 - 12:25.


#4003 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 12:23

Fascinating explanations as usual. Thanks to you both. :up: You have really emphasised the 'problem solving aspect' of the production of these types of work. This notion of a 'problem having been solved' I think is something that the viewer picks up on instinctively and definitely contributes to the general sense of awe that the viewer feels when initially faced with the 'reading' of this type of technical illustration.

#4004 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 12:47

It is possible to have too much information - you only need enough, more than enough is a burden, or takes up space and wastes time.


What influences produce a 'better' final work I'm not sure. This is where the art side creeps in, although I will always call it Technical Illustration. Perhaps it's the phases of the moon...



These two sentences are interesting. Firstly you must have developed a great 'filter' over the years, in terms of deciding just what, what not, to show or reveal.

Beyond the problem solving the other choices that you make must be indicative I suppose of your own style/aesthetic sensibilities. And both these things you could argue are dependent upon that thing 'instinct' which is definitely a thing which you could say is more normally associated with Fine art practice as opposed to draughting. This level of subjectivity does indeed overlap with 'Art' and is no doubt the defining factor in determining whether or not a work is ultimately 'successful' or not. Whether or not it 'works'. Though I am aware that really this is a superficial point since technical illustration has a very definite purpose. That is what makes the cutaway great.

Edited by werks prototype, 04 March 2010 - 12:48.


#4005 asapiro

asapiro
  • Member

  • 53 posts
  • Joined: September 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 16:16

I have seen so much material on the BRM H 16 over the years, that it's hard to believe that there was more great art work "out there".

But apparently there was. Makes me wonder what else I haven't seen ....


Posted Image

BRM H-16 'Theo Page'

Posted Image



#4006 alansart

alansart
  • Member

  • 4,027 posts
  • Joined: March 07

Posted 04 March 2010 - 16:47

It is possible to have too much information - you only need enough, more than enough is a burden, or takes up space and wastes time.


One of my College Lecturers regular quotes was "It's not what you put in, it's what you leave out that's important". I've never forgot that and in general the principle is correct.


#4007 Tony Matthews

Tony Matthews
  • Member

  • 17,499 posts
  • Joined: September 08

Posted 04 March 2010 - 17:19

Makes me wonder what else I haven't seen ....

You and me both! I just feel I missed out on a period of great cars, there are so many I would love to have done...

#4008 Tony Matthews

Tony Matthews
  • Member

  • 17,499 posts
  • Joined: September 08

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:20

These two sentences are interesting. Firstly you must have developed a great 'filter' over the years, in terms of deciding just what, what not, to show or reveal.

One of my College Lecturers regular quotes was "It's not what you put in, it's what you leave out that's important". I've never forgot that and in general the principle is correct.


I was refering to information provided in order to prepare the illustration, not how much to put into the illustration. However, it is also true that you can put in too much! That is why I have always steered clear of cutting away engines, gearboxes and back axles in car cutaways. If I'd ever been asked to do it I would have, but my hope has always been that I would be commissioned to do the engine as well, as a separate illustration! The fact that it only ever happened once is beside the point - and a fitting finale, I suppose. Well, I'm not sure that 'fitting' is quite what I meant, but I would have had this niggle ever after if I had never done it. I did the Penske PC23 and later the magnificent engine, but they were essentially two different projects.

Beyond the problem solving the other choices that you make must be indicative I suppose of your own style/aesthetic sensibilities. And both these things you could argue are dependent upon that thing 'instinct' which is definitely a thing which you could say is more normally associated with Fine art practice as opposed to draughting. This level of subjectivity does indeed overlap with 'Art' and is no doubt the defining factor in determining whether or not a work is ultimately 'successful' or not. Whether or not it 'works'. Though I am aware that really this is a superficial point since technical illustration has a very definite purpose. That is what makes the cutaway great.


I think you are right, wp, but developing a distinctive style is not a luxury every illustrator is given. If you work in a studio your style has to match the house-style, or you can be freelance and be told what style to use to match other freelancers, or the general style of the publication using your artwork. Commissioning editors, art buyers and magazine staff/publishers, advertising agencies and companies can be very demanding, even unpleasant! They have their jobs to do, they are under pressure, you are just another supplier in the chain.

I don't know if I was lucky to have the chance to develope a style that I gather, from the very complimentary comments made here, is seen as distinctive, or if, in a situation where I was not allowed to do so, I would have stopped sooner. Not a single illustrator who has contributed to this fascinating thread has said anything other than - it is a job!


#4009 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:27

I don't know if I was lucky to have the chance to develope a style that I gather, from the very complimentary comments made here, is seen as distinctive, or if, in a situation where I was not allowed to do so, I would have stopped sooner. Not a single illustrator who has contributed to this fascinating thread has said anything other than - it is a job!


What do you mean by this bit in bold Tony?


#4010 asapiro

asapiro
  • Member

  • 53 posts
  • Joined: September 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:29

Page's cutaways are so great - artistic. Did he do other commissions for Shell that we have not seen?



You and me both! I just feel I missed out on a period of great cars, there are so many I would love to have done...



#4011 Tony Matthews

Tony Matthews
  • Member

  • 17,499 posts
  • Joined: September 08

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:30

What do you mean by this bit in bold Tony?

That if I had been stuck in a studio, not allowed to develope my own style, I might have stopped illustrating sooner, and got a proper job, like my mother was always telling me!

#4012 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:42

That if I had been stuck in a studio, not allowed to develope my own style, I might have stopped illustrating sooner, and got a proper job, like my mother was always telling me!


I don't think you could have done that house style stuff anyway. You strike me as a bit of a rebel! :up: :)


#4013 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:45




'Theo Page' Mini

Posted Image

Posted Image

'Theo Page' Mini Cooper

Edited by werks prototype, 22 May 2010 - 23:54.


#4014 asapiro

asapiro
  • Member

  • 53 posts
  • Joined: September 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:48

I'm sure Mr. Nye does need my help with his authoring ....

But the inclusion of the Page cutaway in Vol IV would sure be nice!



Page's cutaways are so great - artistic. Did he do other commissions for Shell that we have not seen?



#4015 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 04 March 2010 - 21:51

Page's cutaways are so great - artistic. Did he do other commissions for Shell that we have not seen?


Shell seemed to have commissioned quite a few and most of them are probably in this thread :) They seemed to like to vary the artists as well which is good for the fan of these types of illustrations. I don't know of any others by Theo Page that we haven't seen, but I bet they are out there in the cutaway ether. The fun is in the hunt! The experts will know. :up:


#4016 CVA

CVA
  • Member

  • 248 posts
  • Joined: February 10

Posted 05 March 2010 - 08:45

unknown artist in this forum: Harold Bubb with the cisitalia 360 by F Porsche
Posted Image
one cresswell drawing:the elva mk4
Posted Image
and the brm p 83 from T Page in a better resolution,I think
Posted Image

#4017 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 13:18

unknown artist in this forum: Harold Bubb with the cisitalia 360 by F Porsche
Posted Image
one cresswell drawing:the elva mk4
Posted Image
and the brm p 83 from T Page in a better resolution,I think
Posted Image


That Elva is something else! :up: He really drew the guts of the beast.

#4018 madmad64

madmad64
  • New Member

  • 26 posts
  • Joined: February 10

Posted 05 March 2010 - 16:03

I have found it easier to draw the paths in Illustrator and then import them into Photoshop for final rendering. Mind you I'm self taught on the Apple Mac so tend to have an odd way of doing things. I've not really got around to using 3D packages yet. It's on my To Do List. You seem to have achieved some very good results with Lightwave so I might give it a go.


I use lightwave for ten years
I've posted some tutorials on magazines cg magazine
if you send me a mail to mail address info@antoniopannullo.it
I can send you the various stages of modeling a Maserati MC 12
but the text is in Italian

visit my animation of r15 flux
www.endurance-series.com/flux-dr-15/4874/

Posted Image

#4019 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 17:18

De Tomaso Pantera 1971 'Alloisi Milanesi'


Posted Image

Edited by werks prototype, 22 May 2010 - 23:57.


Advertisement

#4020 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 17:22

visit my animation of r15 flux
www.endurance-series.com/flux-dr-15/4874/

Posted Image



Antonio, was that produced with an actual CFD plug-in?

Edited by werks prototype, 05 March 2010 - 17:23.


#4021 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 17:32

I have just been back through those 'Gordon Bruce' illustrations posted by Tom West. That Sharknose :eek: :eek: :up:

#4022 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 18:09

I have just been back through those 'Gordon Bruce' illustrations posted by Tom West. That Sharknose :eek: :eek: :up:


Glad that someone looked at those pieces. They are a bit simpler than some of the top-line illustrations, but they are pretty interesting to get a different look at things on occasion. I have just finished up close to 100 assembled scans, and have maybe another 30 or so to complete. Guess I will have to put a few more up here now that the 4000 level has been exceeded.
What that has to do with anything; I don't know.
Tom West

#4023 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 18:30

It seems to me, that if the technical illustrator is really good, it doesn't matter whether the subject matter is 'Mechanically' simple or complex, they always, always achieve a consistent level of clarity. They 'show' and 'reveal' clearly. It is something that I really appreciate in a work, sometimes things can be overly fussy.

Ok, no more philosophical ramblings from me today.

#4024 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:29

Going to put a couple of scans up, as I realized that it has been a while since I did this. Random stuff as it comes up, so don't read any particular association here.
The first post is by Clarence LaTourette out of Sports Car Illustrated. This Lotus Formula 1 was published in April, 1959, and shows the early pre-rear-engined design out of that classic make..
Tom West

Posted Image

#4025 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:33

This is another LaTourette drawing out of the November, 1960 Sports Car Illustrated. I am not quite sure how the aluminum Buick V8 really qualified as anything approaching a sports car, but they did publish the illustration ... so here it is.
Tom West


Posted Image

#4026 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:37

I apologize if I have posted these previously, but they are Allington illustrations and well worth a second viewing.
This Brabham BT3 was published in an F1 review in Car & Driver, February, 1965. I used to await those issues every year just because of the cutaways that were always a part of the presentation. Can't imagine that I was the only one to do so.
Tom West

Posted Image

#4027 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:41

This James Allington BRM F1 was published in the February, 1965 issue of Car & Driver.
I would like to have had larger images of these drawings to work with ... but we do with what we have on occasion.
Tom West

Posted Image

#4028 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:43

This is another Allington F1 illustration from that Car & Driver review of February, 1965. This is the Cooper Type 68 F1, which will obviously be of interest to you English types.
Enjoy.
Tom West


Posted Image

#4029 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:46

And another Allington piece from that Car & Driver February, 1965 issue. This is the Lotus 33 that seemed to do fairly well at the time ...
Tom West


Posted Image

#4030 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:55

Now, you are going to have to sit through a couple of my pieces ... and we go from Allington to Allison with this one.
This is a car that was built by a Hollywood stuntman (real world) who was fairly involved in a variety of activities. Tex Collins had a couple of different Allison engined cars, including this Mustang Funny Car, and a tilt-cab Mack Truck (with two Allisons). These things were pretty spectacular, and they wound up featuring this car in Car Craft Magazine in March of 1971. I only saw this crazy thing run a couple of times, and it really got your attention as it almost vibrated the stands down at Lions Drag Strip. I saw the Mack run only once, and he blew up both of the Allisons about 400 feet or so off the line, throwing something like 50 quarts of oil all over the place.
Tex ended up getting shot and killed from some of his other nefarious activities, which included being an early porn producer (used to cruise around and pick up girls outside of Hollywood High in his Rolls Royce and bring them back to his shop). His son ended up in jail trying to get the car back from a paint shop that was owed money over some work that had been done.
As to the car, it was a pretty meaningless vehicle generally. But it did have a pretty colorful background.
Tom West

Posted Image

#4031 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:58

This James Allington BRM F1 was published in the February, 1965 issue of Car & Driver.
I would like to have had larger images of these drawings to work with ... but we do with what we have on occasion.
Tom West

Posted Image


Your kidding, these are great. In fact they are so good it appears that it is possible to differentiate either the types of 'boards' used by LaTourette and Allington or perhaps something more mundane, the type of printing process used by Sports Car Illustrated/Car & Driver respectively. I wonder if it is the former and it is the texture of the 'board' used by the illustrator for want of a better term that is being preserved through the printing process.

Anyway, another magnificent selection worthy of hours of study :up:

Edited by werks prototype, 05 March 2010 - 23:00.


#4032 ibsenop

ibsenop
  • Member

  • 814 posts
  • Joined: February 07

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:59

De Tomaso Pantera cutaway by Alloisi (colour version)

Posted Image

Ibsen

#4033 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 22:59

This is another rather unique car that was to be featured in Car Craft Magazine. Don Hampton and Eldon Dye had run various cars over the years, including the Too Bad Coupe, a twin-Chevy Fiat Altered back in the early '60s. They lengthened the chassis and added the Corvette body to be able to run in the local Funny Car wars about ten years later. It was much too heavy and they never did quite get it up to performance, but it did get attention at the time. It ended up meeting its demise in a crash on tour in Australia.
This was published in March of 1970, just to put it into the correct time frame.
Tom West


Posted Image

#4034 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 23:03

De Tomaso Pantera cutaway by Alloisi (colour version)

Posted Image

Ibsen


I was only studying the other monochrome version today wondering what a 'full' colour version would look like. Any info on whether Alloisi himself coloured it? The interior still appears to be slightly monochrome.

Edited by werks prototype, 05 March 2010 - 23:04.


#4035 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 23:04

This is a typical early 1970s Top Fuel Dragster that was run by Dwight Salisbury and Jim Busby. Busby was known more for his sports car activities generally, and Dwight was to make a bit of a name as quite a strong competitor with this car. They ended up getting hooked up with the Smothers Brothers, who added sponsorship, and the car became the Smothers Brothers Beach Boys dragster. This one was never published. This is one of those that I ended up getting copied with a half-tone neg, and trying to clean it up was a real mess. I probably have more time in the digital image than in the original piece ... should have just redrawn it, as it probably would have been a lot better anyway.
Here it is.
Tom West

Posted Image

#4036 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 23:06

Your kidding, these are great. In fact they are so good it appears that it is possible to differentiate either the types of 'boards' used by LaTourette and Allington or perhaps something more mundane, the type of printing process used by Sports Car Illustrated/Car & Driver respectively. I wonder if it is the former and it is the texture of the 'board' used by the illustrator for want of a better term that is being preserved through the printing process.

Anyway, another magnificent selection worthy of hours of study :up:


Thanks for your kind words on these things. I think that most of the texture you will see relate more to the printing process than the original artwork. I have pointed out the deficiency of the printing on many of these things. Don't get me started on the early Hot Rod magazines, as those things were really horrible.
Will just keep putting some of these up, but will try to post more often for you.
Tom West

#4037 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 05 March 2010 - 23:16

And another Allington piece from that Car & Driver February, 1965 issue. This is the Lotus 33 that seemed to do fairly well at the time ...
Tom West


Posted Image



The 'stamped' chassis plate. :eek: :eek: Amazing.

#4038 ibsenop

ibsenop
  • Member

  • 814 posts
  • Joined: February 07

Posted 05 March 2010 - 23:21

De Tomaso Deauville cutaway by Franco Rosso

Posted Image

TNF Cutaway Index at page 100 updated to post #4042

Ibsen

Edited by ibsenop, 05 March 2010 - 23:23.


#4039 vladP

vladP
  • New Member

  • 6 posts
  • Joined: March 10

Posted 06 March 2010 - 13:44

Magnificent... Perhaps, a scan of good old Jowett Javelin (Autocar, 1951) would be relevant.

Posted Image

Advertisement

#4040 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 15:32

Magnificent... Perhaps, a scan of good old Jowett Javelin (Autocar, 1951) would be relevant.

Posted Image


Very nice. That is a work by John Ferguson, for the benefit of the 'Master List' on page 100.




#4041 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 15:35

Posted Image

Sunbeam 'John Ferguson' (The Autocar)


Posted Image

1932 AJS 'John Ferguson' (The Autocar)


Posted Image

1932 Armstrong Siddeley interior 'John Ferguson' (Not a cutaway, Disclaimer!)

Edited by werks prototype, 06 March 2010 - 15:44.


#4042 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 15:41

Posted Image

1938 Auto Union 'S.E. Porter' (The Motor)


Posted Image

1954 Austin Cambridge 'S.E. Porter'

Edited by werks prototype, 06 March 2010 - 15:42.


#4043 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 15:46

This is a typical early 1970s Top Fuel Dragster that was run by Dwight Salisbury and Jim Busby. Busby was known more for his sports car activities generally, and Dwight was to make a bit of a name as quite a strong competitor with this car. They ended up getting hooked up with the Smothers Brothers, who added sponsorship, and the car became the Smothers Brothers Beach Boys dragster. This one was never published. This is one of those that I ended up getting copied with a half-tone neg, and trying to clean it up was a real mess. I probably have more time in the digital image than in the original piece ... should have just redrawn it, as it probably would have been a lot better anyway.
Here it is.
Tom West

Posted Image


Have you ever had a go at the 'Flying Wedge' Tom? I'm not sure if I have got the name quite right, but it was a McLaren orange car, looked quite deadly.


#4044 Robin Fairservice

Robin Fairservice
  • Member

  • 498 posts
  • Joined: March 07

Posted 06 March 2010 - 16:07

Thanks for the Jowett Javelin scan - as the only TNF'er who owns one!

#4045 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 16:29

Thanks for the Jowett Javelin scan - as the only TNF'er who owns one!


And you will find an R4 on page 97.

In return we would typically expect a full working drawing of your own car, by your own hand as soon as is reasonably possible. :)

#4046 madmad64

madmad64
  • New Member

  • 26 posts
  • Joined: February 10

Posted 06 March 2010 - 18:10

Antonio, was that produced with an actual CFD plug-in?

no it is not a CFD animation but a rendering movie to show the technical deficiencies of r15 and flow of air that should not go through the back of the car
Posted Image



#4047 IrishMariner2

IrishMariner2
  • New Member

  • 5 posts
  • Joined: September 09

Posted 06 March 2010 - 18:51

Over on the Big Lorry Blog, you'll find a couple of recent cutaway postings:

1) Thompson Integrated Fuel Tanker

http://www.roadtrans...lassic-ttr.html

2) 1960's Trucks
http://www.roadtrans...taway-time.html

3) More miscellany (including some comments from BLB's author about the lack of respect for cutaways - a comment that I am sure we can sympathize with.)
The post also mentions that the author has a CD full of old cutaways so those maniacs amongst you might want to ask him for more for your collections (I am looking in your direction Bonde, Ibsen, Anders & Mr TWest)

http://www.roadtrans...glorryblog.html

http://www.roadtrans...-where-wou.html





#4048 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 07 March 2010 - 00:33

Lotus Gas Turbine 1968 by 'John Hostler'

Posted Image

Edited by werks prototype, 22 May 2010 - 23:58.


#4049 werks prototype

werks prototype
  • Member

  • 5,677 posts
  • Joined: January 09

Posted 07 March 2010 - 02:35

does anyone know Wood's or Lofthouse's first names?
Warwick



Tony Lofthouse and Leslie Ashwell Wood (If it is the same Wood who illustrated the Eagle)

Talking about the Eagle, if anybody has a copy of that 'Eagle Annual of Cutaways' does it include a copy of Walkden Fishers 1937 Auto Union Grand Prix Car? If not, I can post it as a single 'entity'!

#4050 TWest

TWest
  • Member

  • 1,591 posts
  • Joined: November 09

Posted 07 March 2010 - 07:11

Have you ever had a go at the 'Flying Wedge' Tom? I'm not sure if I have got the name quite right, but it was a McLaren orange car, looked quite deadly.


Actually, I think you might be talking about that McLaren M8 CanAm series car. Those were just massive engines mounted in a tin can, and they ran like crazy, dominating the series racing at the time. I never did a drawing of the car, but have the information to do one as I did all the research and took the photos that I needed when I put the package together to do a modelkit of the car a few years ago. Never came up with the financial motivation to put the time into this car, although it might have been pretty cool to do it.
Tom West