An article that manages to combine cluelessness and pomposity in equal measure. Good clickbait.
The article comprises 23 paragraphs so it isn't going very deep. Note the tag on The Conversation: "Academic rigour, journalistic flair". As if.
The article has a reference point: "Also known as Level 2 automated vehicles, partially automated vehicles are capable of controlling steering, acceleration and deceleration."
As a criticism of Level 2 automation, the article is clunky but not far wrong. Level 2 automation is about humans taking their feet and hands from controls for a brief interval, to stretch their limbs. Time to fiddle with the radio.
I don't fully understand the difference between Level 2 and Level 3 automation. Both expect a human to observe the driving experience and the human has capacity to take control; so the difference is the level of intelligence of the car. Level 3 is just a bit smarter, but relies on a human.