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1974 Swedish Grand Prix

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#1 conjohn

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Posted 14 November 2003 - 21:20

In his thread taking part in formula 1, uechtel has described the trials and tribulations one had to go through to get to the starting line of a Formula 1 Grand Prix. Mostly it concerns itself with the obstacles put in the way of the entrants, but one passus is the reverse - how the regulations helped a certain subset of entries.

Hm, I´m not completely convinced yet. I have my information from Ulrich Schwab´s German yearbook "Grand Prix 1974". Here is what he writes:

"Even more grotesque was an additional rule in the invitation. It allowed the race organizers to admit Scandinavian drivers to take the start even if they had not qualified for one of the 25 places. So theoretically there could have been 27 starters, as this was the number of entries that had been accepted"

and then Schwab continues:

"The organizers did not have to make use of the exceptional rule. Belso had an accident in the untimed practise session and the car was a wreckage, that could not be repaired even by the quick Williams mechanics. Belso took over the Iso from Robarts, Kinnunen automatically moved up the place and Schuppan became reserve driver. Nobody flagged him off despite everybody had survived the pace lap and got off well."

So how comes Schwab to this information? I hardly believe that Schwab completely invented this passage, so I think there must have been at least SOME evidence for that. Maybe some misunderstanding?

As this was the first time that I had heard of this, I wanted to find out what was behind all this. My contemporary sources, Swedish motorsports magazines 'Bilsport' and 'Illustrerad Motor Sport', and Autosport, didn't shed any light on it.

So I sent an e-mail to the Anderstorp Racing Club, the organizers of the event, without much hope of getting anywhere. But I got a reply, saying that they didn't know anything about it, but maybe if I contacted this other person instead, who was part of the organizing committee in 1974, maybe he could help me.

So a new e-mail, and a reply came back saying that he had never heard of such a rule, but as he wasn't much involved in the writing of the rules, he couldn't say for sure. Furthermore, the documents from that time had been destroyed in a fire - but he suggested that I contact Svenska Bilsportsförbundet (the Swedish Automobile Sport Federation), as they may have some documentation in their archives.

So another e-mail was sent, with a lessened hope for success, and the reply bore that out. No, they didn't have anything from the F1 races, all the documentation was the responsibility of the organizing club, and as they had lost theirs in a fire.... but there was maybe one other person who could help me.

She suggested that I contact Bo Runbjörk - a member of the FIA Circuit Commission and the Circuit Inspector (?) for the Nordic countries, and a member of the Andestorp Racing Club since the early days. (As I haven't cleared the use of their names, I have anonyminized the first three persons in this chain).

With the kind assistance of Bo, I have gotten hold of a copy of the regulations for the 1974 Texaco Grand Prix of Sweden, and I have his permission to publish it here.

So what does it say about the automatic qualification of the Scandinavian drivers? Nothing specific, as you would assume, but maybe it is this passage that Ulrich Schwab interpreted - it can be found under Article 10, paragraph 7:

"The President of the Stewards may authorize cars to start up to the maximum number provided for in the Supplementary Regulations if some cars have not attained the qualification minima provided above, for reasons of "force majeure". However, they may only be permitted to start on condition that this inclusion does not eliminate cars having already qualified and that they are able to attain these minima. Furthermore, the maximum number of cars which can be admitted by this waiver is 3."

If the number of starters were 25, and the entries 27, letting in up to 3 extra would mean that all would start the race - and if this waiver was only considered for Scandinavian drivers, as Vern Schuppan appearantly wasn't in line for one, as his participation was declared 'unofficial', then maybe you could argue for Schwab's version.

Below, I reproduce the full text of the regulations - I have tried to represent the layout of the original document as much as possible. I have corrected some small typos, while hopefully not introducing any new ones - however, I have left the spelling of Tyrrell in Article 34 as it was written.

Some interesting parts: Article 1 - para 2; Article 6b - this is the one that alomst prevented Jean-Pierre Beltoise from being allowed to start, as he had lost his road licence for speeding; Article 8d (the teaser revealed); Article 24b; Article 27 is quite hilarious.

[FONT=courier new]

				 R E G U L A T I O N S

					  F O R



Anderstorp Racing Club under the authority delegated to it by the Swedish

Automobile Sport Federation, is organising on Scandinavian Raceway under

the name of the TEXACO GRAND PRIX OF SWEDEN, an international race for Formula 1 cars,

qualifying for the FIA World Championship of Drivers. The event is

also counting for the award of the International Cup for Formula 1


If the number of F1 cars should prove insufficient in any event, the orga-

nizers will be entitled to include on the starting grid, in addition to

the F1 cars already admitted, the following cars:

	   F 2	F.Indy	  F.5000	and F.A.

	   subject to permission being individually requested

						from the C.S.I.

To be entitled to start, these cars must attain the qualification minima,

and conform with the technical specifications of the formula to which they

belong. Their place on the starting grid will be determined by the times

realised in practice, all formulas being mixed together. The granting of

points for the World Championship of Drivers will be made according to the

scale in force.


The event is organised in compliance with the prescriptions of the Interna-

tional Sporting Code, the general prescriptions to be applied to all FIA

Championships, the specific regulations of the World Championship as published

in the 1974 FIA Yearbook and the present supplementary regulations. All

competitors undertake to comply with these regulations by the mere fact of

their entry. Should there be any conflict between these regulations and the

regulations published in the afore-mentioned yearbook, the latter will apply.

The Organizing Committee is as follows:

Sven-Åke Klint, Sven "Smokey" Åsberg, Rune Andersson, Birgitta Bernving,

Ingmar Johansson, Bertil Sanell and Anders Åberg.

The address of the committee is: ANDERSTORP RACING CLUB, Box 180, S-330 20

ANDERSTORP, Sweden. Phone: 0371-16172. Telex: 70327 RACEWAY S.


a.	 The race will be competed for on the circuit of Scandinavian Raceway

	   a lap of which is 4,018 kms.

b.	 The distance of the event will be 80 laps and a total 321,44 kms.

c.	 The direction: Clockwise.

[U]N.B:[/U]   All drivers are strictly forbidden to drive their cars in the reverse

	   direction under the penalty of immediate exclusion from the race. It is

	   only to remove it from an unexpected situation that a car may be pushed,

	   under official supervision, in the reverse direction.

[U]Art 4  CARS[/U]

a.	 The event is reserved for cars of the International Formula 1, as defined

	   under articles 293 and 296 of Appendix J to the International Sporting

	   Code (with the exception of the provisions of art 1 of these regulations).

b.	 The maximum number of cars admitted at the start will be 30.

c.	 It is not compulsory to use the distinct national colours, as defined in

	   Appendix I to the code.

d.	 The name of the driver shall be mentioned on the car. Modalities are as

	   follows: letters of 9 cms height.


e.	 Advertising on cars is allowed within the limits fixed by the entrants’

	   National Sporting Authority.

f.	 Each car shall display its racing number (art 36).

[U]Art 5  FUEL[/U]

Fuel to be used must be of the "commercial" type, such as defined under

art. 253 (U), (I) of Appendix J to the Code. The use of any other fuel shall

entail the exclusion from the race. Fuel will be for sale in the paddock for

those wishing to use it.


a.	 All competitors and drivers shall have the international licences provided

	   for by the Code, valid for the year 1974 and delivered by their National

	   Automobile Club.

b.	 The driving licence, if there is one in the country of origin, shall

	   compulsory be presented.

[U]Art 7  ENTRIES[/U]

The applications for entry, submitted on the form supplied by the organizers

and signed by the entrant shall be received at Anderstorp Racing Club, Box 180,

S-330 20 ANDERSTORP, Sweden not later than on May 26th at 2400 hrs. Entries

open of 26th March 1974 and may be applied for telegramme or telex 70327

RACEWAY S, but must then be confirmed by letter, mailed at the same time as the

cable. [U]Entries must be completed with photos of drivers and team personnel.[/U]

Foreign competitors and drivers can only take part in the event with the prior

authorization of their National Sporting Authority, which will specify it on the

application form or in separate letter appended to the application form.

The organizers may refuse an entry without having to give the reasons for their

decision. Nevertheless, they will inform within 48 hours the National Sporting

Authority of the competitor and/or driver, through  the Swedish Automobile

Sport Federation.

If a regularly engaged competitor or driver does not take part in the race,

unless through a recognized case of "force majeure", he will be subjected to

the measure specified under art. 69 of the Code.

The organizers reserve their right to cancel the race if the number of cars

entered is inferior to 17 or in the case of "force majeure".

The list of cars and drivers entered will be published on 7th June 1974.


a.	 A regular and a substitute drive shall be nominated before the closing

	   date for entries (art. 7).

b.	 Nevertheless, on request submitted by the entrant before the end of the

	   scrutineering of cars (art. 9) the Sporting Stewards may accept the repla-

	   cement of a driver (regular or substitute).

	   The competitor is free to use on all his cars the drivers he has nominated.

c.	 Should a driver (regular or substitute) not be available on the day of the

	   race, a replacement driver may be accepted by the Sporting Stewards, pro-

	   vided he abides by the prescriptions of articles 6-7-9 and 10.

d.	 A change of driver during the race shall take place only at the pits,

	   under control of the Stewards, and exclusively between drivers nominated

	   by the same competitor. In such a case, none of the drivers will be

	   awarded points for the Championships.


a.	 All entrants (either in person or represented by somebody else, by written

	   delegation) have to present themselves with their cars to the technical

	   scrutineering of cars to be carried out 6th of June from 1300 hours to

	   1600 hours in the paddock of the Scandinavian Raceway. At the technical

	   scrutineering of the cars, the entrants competition licence shall be


	   presented and the racing number and advertising designs must be placed

	   on the car.

b.	 All drivers personally have to present themselves and their personal

	   driving equipment (such as helmets, overalls etc) and their personal

	   documents for scrutineering and if considered necessary a medical check

	   up, in the scrutineering bay in the paddock of Scandinavian Raceway on

	   7th June between 1000 hours and 1100 hours.

c.	 Except in the case of a waiver accepted by the Sporting Stewards for some

	   valid reason, the competitors and drivers who fail to be present at the

	   scrutineering within the delay mentioned under a) and b), will not be

	   allowed to take part in the event. No car can take part in the race or

	   practice if it has not been approved by the Technical Steward in charge

	   of the scrutineering.

d.	 Any car which, after being approved, should be dismantled or modified in

	   such a way as to affect the safety of the vehicle, or question its

	   eligibility, or which would be involved in an accident entailing identical

	   consequences shall be presented again to the scrutineers for approval. A

	   car may be forbidden to start for reasons of safety or obvious deficiency

	   during the training sessions. The list of cars having qualified to start

	   will be published not later than at 1730 hours on 8th June 1974.

e.	 The Clerk of the Course may ask that a car involved in an accident during

	   the event be stopped to be re-scrutineered and/or the driver thereof to

	   undergo a medical check-up.

f.	 After the finish, the vehicles must be driven, under the supervision of a

	   Steward, into the closed park on the track exit which they may leave only

	   by authorization of the Clerk of the Course, after he has made sure that

	   no claim is lodged.

	   All vehicles which do not enter the closed park will not be classified.

	   The six cars classified first will be compulsorily submitted to a verifi-

	   cation. Moreover, the Sporting Stewards will have the right to ask for the

	   verification of any car having taken part in the event.


All drivers shall take part in at least one of the official training sessions

listed below:

1.	 Friday 7th June   at Scandinavian Raceway from 1200 to 1330 hours.

2.	 Friday 7th June   at Scandinavian Raceway from 1400 to 1530 hours.

3.	 Saturday 8th June at Scandinavian Raceway from 1200 to 1330 hours.

4.	 Saturday 8th June at Scandinavian Raceway from 1400 to 1530 hours.

The organizers reserve the right to stop practice at such times and for such

duration as may be necessary to clear the track, or to allow the recovery of

vehicles. This time will not be made up except under exceptional circumstances

as decided and notified by the Clerk of the Course.

At least 3 laps per session will be time-recorded in order to determine the

position of the drivers at the start, in compliance with art. 11.

On Sunday 9th June the circuit will be open for an untimed training session

from 0900 to 0930 hours.

Any driver failing to take part in the training sessions, or whose best lap

time is not inferior or equal to 110 % of the average of the three best times

recorded by the other drivers may not be allowed to start.

The President of the Stewards may authorize cars to start up to the maximum

number provided for in the Supplementary Regulations if some cars have not

attained the qualification minima provided above, for reasons of "force majeure".

However, they may only be permitted to start on condition that this inclusion

does not eliminate cars having already qualified and that they are able

to attain these minima. Furthermore, the maximum number of cars which can be

admitted by this waiver is 3.

Only one car per driver will be qualified to start.


The use of a training car, not entered for the race, is allowed provided the

organizers have been notified by letter of its use, and provided the car has

been granted a special authorization by the Clerk of the Course who will give

it a particular racing number.

[U]Art 11 START[/U]

a.	 The start will be given on Sunday 9th June at 1330 hours. It will be of

	   the standing type with dummy grid. The number of cars per line will be

	   2-2-2-2-2-2 etc.

	   Any car which is not present on the dummy grid at least 10 minutes before

	   starting time may be excluded from the race on decision of the Clerk of

	   the Course.

b.	 Starting positions will be determined by the best times recorded during the

	   training sessions (see art. 10). The driver having recorded the best time

	   will be placed on the right of the first line.

	   Should several drivers record the same speed, priority will be given to the

	   driver having recorded it first.

	   A driver having changed cars after setting his best qualifying time shall

	   retain his position on the grid [U]provided that he starts with a car of the

	   same make and type[/U]. If this is not the case, he shall start at the back of

	   the grid.

	   Should a qualified driver fail to be present at the start, the organizers

	   may accept one of the drivers who failed to qualify while having recorded,

	   during the training sessions, a time in compliance with art. 10. The choice

	   will be according to the training times and his position on the starting

	   grid will be last.

	   After the final publication of the starting grid, the places of any non-

	   starters shall be left empty, the other competitors retaining their

	   published positions on the grid.

c.	 No driver shall be allowed to start if he has taken part in another motor

	   race during the 24 preceding hours.

d.	 Each car will be allotted its position determined on the dummy grid. It

	   will be the drivers responsibility to ascertain that position and to place

	   his car in the correct position at least 5 minutes before the start, unless

	   instructed not to do so by the Official in charge of the control of the start.

	   Access to the starting grid will be closed 5 minutes before the start, and

	   after this time, any car and driver arriving at the starting grid will take

	   place behind the last car on the starting grid such as it was published.

	   Only two attendants and the team manager may accompany the car to the

	   starting grid.

e.	 The start will be a simultaneous standing start and the following procedure

	   will be applied:

The cars will line up in the pit lane, in a single line according to start


10 minutes before the anticipated starting time, the cars will got out on one

warm up lap. On this lap no overtaking is allowed. On returning to the pit

area, the dummy grid will be formed on the track with the first line abreast

the exit end of the pit barrier.

1.	 The approach of the start will be announced by display of signals at 5, 3,

	   2, 1½, and 1 minutes. These signals will be accompanied by an audible warning.

2.	 A. [U]Five minutes[/U] before the start, all engines shall be stopped.

	   B. [U]Three minutes[/U] before the start, all persons, attendants an team managers,

		  other than drivers and officials are to leave the cars, clear the dummy

		  grid area and leave the track.

	   C. [U]Two minutes[/U] before the start, engines are to be started by means of the

		  self starter by the driver seated in his car, with the aid of an auxiliary

		  battery if necessary.


	   D. [U]One minute[/U] before the start, a green flag will be shown at the front of

		  the dummy grid to indicate that the cars shall start to move on to the

		  actual starting grid, positioned opposite the main grandstands. When

		  covering this distance (about 1,85 kms/1,15 miles) the cars shall

		  remain in dummy grid formation and the pole position starter will act

		  as master car.

	   E. When arriving at the actual starting line the cars shall stop in their

		  respective correct positions and leave the engines running. The minimum

		  distance between the foremost points of two consecutive cars on the grid

		  will be 12 metres. Each line will be indicated by a rubber cone on the

		  right hand side of the track. These cones will be removed after the

		  start has taken place.

	   F. The actual start will take place at the moment the Clerk of the Course

		  gives the signal with the national flag. The flag will be held aloft

		  just the minimum time required by the starter to ascertain that all

		  cars are stationary. All competing cars in view of the starter when

		  giving the signal to start will be considered as having come under

		  starter's orders. Any driver not coming under starter's orders with his

		  car in time shall be deemed a non-starter.

f.	 Judges will be appointed to determine false starts or incorrect positions

	   during the passage from the dummy grid to the actual starting grid.

	   Penalty for each will be specified by the International Sporting Code

	   for false start (art. 94).

	   Any driver in position on the grid, but unable to start shall indicate this

	   by raising an arm.

	   If an engine cannot be started by means of the self-starter on the dummy

	   grid, the car shall be pushed to the pits after the other cars have left

	   the dummy grid. At the pits, the mechanics may try to effect the necessary

	   repairs and if they are successful, thus allowing the driver to start the

	   engine by means of the self-starter with the aid of an auxiliary battery

	   if necessary, the driver make take part in the race, but not until all cars

	   have completed the first lap.

	   If an engine stalls on the actual starting grid, and the driver cannot

	   restart by means of the self-starter, the car in question will be given a

	   push start by the attending officials and exceptionally by the mechanics

	   after the other cars have left the start line, and will thus be permitted

	   to take part in the race.


1.	 [U]When the rule operates[/U]:

	   A. Whenever the track is blocked or partially blocked.

	   B. Whenever a car on or off the track appears to need help from marshals,

		  fire or rescue equipment.

2.	 [U]Who sanctions the operation[/U]:

	   The official in charge of the post in whose section the incident occurs

	   will decide if the rule shall be put into operation. If he so decides,

	   he will:

	   A. Instruct the marshal to display a white flag (in addition to the yellow

		  flag he will already be displaying as a consequence of the incident) to

		  alert neighbouring flag posts to display the yellow flag. Each succes-

		  sive post shall then show the white flag and yellow to continue the

		  alerting process around the entire track.

	   B. Telephone or radio race control to inform the Race Director of this


3.	 [U]How the rule operates[/U]:

	   A. When the yellow and white flags are displayed at every flag post (thus

		  stopping all passing on the circuit) the Pace Car goes on to the track


	   B. The Pace Car gets in front of the leader and the leader will slow

		  immediately because he knows the Pace Car will slow him and everyone

		  will catch him up. Everyone else slows because they know they will be

		  given time to catch the leader.

	   C. If the Pace Car inadvertently gets in front of a back marker, this back

		  marker will be waved by. If any driver ignores the Pace Car he will

		  forfeit a lap.

	   D. The cars will then line up in single file behind the Pace Car at 20 metres

		  intervals. The Pace Car will remain in action at least until the field

		  is lined up behind it.

4.	 [U]How the race is resumed[/U]:

	   A. When the Pace Car driver has been notified that the track is clear and

		  all the rescue services are re-established, he will indicate to the race

		  leader that he is returning to the pits.

	   B. As the leader approaches the start line with the pack behind him, the

		  starter will show the green flag, provided that he is satisfied that the

		  pack is in good order. If the green flag is not displayed, the field

		  will continue behind the leader until the green flag is shown. If the

		  starter does not show the green flag, racing will not be resumed and the

		  field will continue behind the leader until the green flag is shown.

	   C. No passing is permitted before reaching the start line and the green

		  flag is shown. Violators will forfeit a lap.

[U]Art 13 FINISH[/U]

The finish will be controlled over a line facing the timekeepers post.

The end of the race signal will be given as soon as the first car has covered

the distance prescribed under art. 3. Should two hours elapse before the sche-

duled race distance is completed, the leader will be shown the chequered flag

at the end of the lap in which the period of two hours shall end.

The cars shall after having received the end of race signal proceed at reduced

speed to the paddock, and there go into the closed park, as prescribed under

art 9 (f).

Should the end of race signal be inadvertently displayed at the wrong time,

the race will nevertheless be deemed to end at this time.


a.	 The car classified first will be the car having covered the prescribed

	   distance in the shortest time.

	   All cars will be classified according to the number of whole laps they have

	   covered and, for those having covered the same total number of laps,

	   according to the order in which they have crossed the finish line.

	   However, if a car takes more than twice the time of the winner to cover its

	   last lap, this lap will not be taken into consideration in the computing of

	   the total distance covered by the said car.

b.	 The cars which have covered less than 90% of the number of laps covered by

	   the winner will not be classified (inferior round figure).

c.	 If, due to atmospheric conditions or another case of "force majeure", the

	   race is stopped before its normal end, the procedure will be as prescribed

	   under art. 37. Also refer to art. 37 for the procedure in the event of rain.

d.	 The official classification will be published on the billboard on the


	   southern wall of the cafeteria building by the Secretariate of the Meeting

	   after the race. They will be the only valid results, except for the modifi-

	   cations which may be made, afterwards, by the Sporting Stewards in the case

	   of protests and subject to the recognition by the National Sporting Authority.

e.	 As regards classifications, awards and granting of points, the procedure

	   will be as specified under art. 17 of the General Prescriptions to be

	   applied to all F.I.A. Championships.


a.	 Protests may only be made in writing and must be handed to one of the Sporting

	   Stewards, or, in their absence to the Clerk of the Course, together

	   with a fee of 250 Swiss Francs or the equivalent in national currency.

	   The entrant of the car or his accredited representative alone has the right

	   to protest on his behalf.

	   The procedure of protests follows the prescriptions of art. 168-176 of the


b.	 The procedure for appeals follows the prescriptions of art. 177-188 of the

	   Code. The appeal must be accompanied by a fee of 200 Swedish Cr.

[U]Art 16 PRIZES[/U]

a.	 For this event, the cash prizes will be as discussed and finalised on 14th

	   May 1973 with the Formula 1 Constructors and Entrants Association.

b.	 The winner of the event will be awarded a silver cup, THE SWEDISH GRAND PRIX.

c.	 The prize giving will be held after the protest time has elapsed on

	   Sunday the 9th of June in the paddock area of Scandinavian Raceway.


a.	 All competitors will be insured against Third Party Legal Liability in

	   terms of the Policy held by the Organizers. Details of this are given in

	   appendix 1 to these regulations.

	   Entrant must sign the required application at the preliminary verification

	   and the insurance token (disc) must be displayed on the car - at all times.

	   The insurance covers the car from the time the declaration is signed until

	   midnight after the race.

b.	 The organizers wish to emphasize, in the interest of the competitors and

	   their dependants, the desirability of having personal accident insurance,

	   if they are not already covered in the respect. The drivers taking part

	   in the event will not be considered as Third Party between themselves.


The officials of the event will be as follows:

Sporting Stewards:					  Bertil Lundberg, SBF, Chairman

										Pierre Ugeux, Belgium

										Huschke von Hanstein, Germany

										Sture Agvald, Sweden

										Kjell Persson, Sweden

										Karl-Erik Wikström, Sweden

ACN Scrutineer						  Göran Qvarnström

Clerk of the Course					 Sven "Smokey" Åsberg

Deputy Clerk of the Course			  Sven Gyldén

Deputy Clerk of the Course			  Lennart Nilsson

Secretary of the Meeting				Erik Olofsson

Chief Scrutineer						Erik Lycke

Chief Marshal						   Inge Gustafsson

All correspondence should be sent to:

ANDERSTORP  RACING CLUB				 Phone: 0731 - 16172, 16174.

Box 180								 Telex: 70327 RACEWAY S

S-330 20 ANDERSTORP, Sweden



These regulations have been made out in English and French. In case of any

dispute arising concerning the interpretation, the English text shall be

considered as authentic.


a.	 At all times whilst taking part in the training or the race, drivers shall

	   wear adequate clothes, an approved crash helmet, and goggles (or a visor)

	   properly placed and fastened.

b.	 All cars shall comply with the safety regulations, as laid down by the FIA


a.	 The engines may not be started by other means than an automatic starter

	   (self-starter) - except art. 11, last paragraph - .

b.	 Whenever the car is stopped during the race, whether voluntarily or other-

	   wise, the engine shall be restarted by means of the self-starter.

c.	 Any breach of this rule shall entail exclusion from the race.


	   A. Any driver intending to leave the track, or to enter the pits, or paddock

		  area, shall signal his intention in good time and make sure that it is safe

		  to do so.

	   B. Except in a case of force majeure to be judged by the Sporting Stewards

		  only, the crossing, in any direction, of the limiting line between the

		  deceleration zone and the track is prohibited.

	   C. During the practice session and the race, access to the pits is

		  allowed only through the deceleration zone. Penalty for breach of this

		  rule shall be exclusion from the race.

[U]Art 23 PITS[/U]

a.	 Refueling and change of wheels is permitted only at the pits.

b.	 During a pitstop, the engine must be stopped if it is for refueling.

c.	 If a driver stops past his pit, the car may only be pushed back to the pit.

d.	 Return to the track will be under the supervision of the Official in charge.


a.	 Only one person, nominated by the entrant for the purpose of transmitting

	   signals to the driver and who, nevertheless, shall remain at a place

	   approved by the Clerk of the Course, shall normally stand behind the

	   protection barrier limiting the track and the pit area, or at any other

	   place indicated by the Clerk of the Course.

b.	 When a car stops at the pits, not more than 6 persons in addition to the

	   driver, may be on the pit area to attend the car.

	   A Tyre technician present in an advisory capacity, will not be considered as

	   on of the attendants working on the car, nor will the fire attendant speci-

	   fied under art. 25 hereafter.

c.	 All parts and material used by the team (driver and attendants) shall be

	   placed on an adequate board, from which the driver and/or his assistants will

	   take them. After each stop of the car the pit assistants must clear the

	   ground of all equipment which may be lying there.


a.	 If any fuel is stored in a pit, the entrant of the car must provide at least



	   two effective fire extinguishers of not less than 5 kg minimum capacity, and

	   make sure of their good functioning state.

b.	 Any spare fuel stored in the pits must be kept in leak-proof drums or

	   controlled for a pressure of at least 3 atmospheres.

c.	 During refueling the driver may remain in the car. Moreover, the entrant

	   shall ensure that throughout refueling, a person shall stand by the car

	   with a fire-extinguisher ready for use.

d.	 Refueling shall be carried out by only one and the same attendant,

	   appointed by the entrant and with no other function.

e.	 Replenishment in oil during the race is prohibited. Oil tank fillers must

	   be designed in such a way that the organizers may affix the seals properly.

	   Any car the design of which would impede satisfactorily sealing operations,

	   will not be allowed to start.


a.	 The race track alone shall be used by the drivers during the race.

b.	 Should a driver be compelled to stop his car, either involuntarily or for

	   any other reason, the car shall be moved off the track as soon as possible

	   so that its presence does not constitute a danger or prevent the normal

	   running of the race.

	   If the driver himself is not able to move the car out of a potential dangerous

	   position, it is  the duty of the Marshal (s), to help him. In that case, if the

	   driver succeeds in restarting his car and rejoins the race WITHOUT committing

	   any breach of the regulations and WITHOUT gaining any advantage from the

	   preceding movement of the car to a safer position, he WILL NOT BE excluded

	   from the race.

c.	 Any repairs carried out on the track may only be made by the driver himself

	   by means of the tools carried aboard the car.

d.	 Any replenishment on the track itself is prohibited.

e.	 Apart from the driver himself - and in exceptional cases, the competent

	   Officials (see art. 26 b) and art. 11, last paragraph) - nobody is allowed

	   to touch a stopped car under penalty of its exclusion from the race.

f.	 Pushing a car along the track or pushing it across the finish line is not



a.	 During a race, a car alone on the track may use the full width of the said

	   track. However, as soon as it is overtaken on a straight line by a car which

	   is either temporarily or constantly faster, the driver shall give the other

	   vehicle the right of way by pulling on one side in order to allow for passing

	   on the other side.

b.	 If the driver of the overtaken vehicle does not seem to make full use of

	   his rear-view mirror, the Flag Marshal (s) will give him a warning by waving

	   the blue flag to indicate that another competitor wants to overtake him.

	   Systematic or repeated offences may result in the exclusion of the offender

	   from the race.

c.	 Curves, as well as the entrance and exit zones thereof may be negotiated by

	   the drivers any way they wish within the limits of the track. Overtaking -

	   according to the possibilities of the moment - may be done either on the

	   right or on the left. However, manoeuvres liable to hinder other competitors,

	   such as swinging out before time, crowding of cars towards the inside or the

	   outside of the curve or any other abnormal change of direction are strictly

	   prohibited and shall be penalized - according to the importance and repeat

	   of the offences - by penalties ranging from a fine to the exclusion from the

	   race. The repetition of dangerous driving, even involuntary, may result in

	   the exclusion from the race.


d.	 Any obstructive manoeuvre carried out by one or several drivers either ha-

	   ving or not common interests, is prohibited. The persistent driving abreast of

	   several vehicles, as well as a fan-shaped arrangement is possible only if

	   there is not another car trying to overtake. Otherwise, the blue flag will

	   be waved.

e.	 The penalty inflicted for ignoring the blue flag will also be applied to

	   the drivers who obstruct part of the track and shall be more severe in the

	   case of systematic obstruction thus ranging from a fine to the exclusion from

	   the race. The same penalty shall be applied to drivers who swing from one side

	   of the track to the other in order to prevent other competitors from over-


f.	 The repetition of serious mistakes, showing a lack of control over the car

	   (such as leaving the track) may entail the exclusion of the drivers concerned.

g.	 The driver of any car leaving the race shall signal his intention in good

	   time and is responsible for ensuring that the manoeuvre is carried out safely

	   and as near as possible to the exit point.

[U]Art 28 SINALS[/U]

Instructions will be given to the drivers by means of the signals prescribed

in Appendix H to the International Sporting Code, with the exception of the

following signals:

1.	 The yellow flag with red stripes will be used to indicate a slippery track,

	   even of this is not caused by oil.

2.	 Should it be necessary to declare a race no contest, the race will be stop-

	   ped by a simultaneous display of the chequered and black flag.

3.	 To communicate information to their drivers, entrants must not use flags

	   in any way similar to those mentioned under the above paragraph (a).

	   [U]New signaling flag[/U]

A black flag with an orange disc is introduced for one year's trial as from

1st January 1974. The flag will be used by course marshals to indicate to a

particular driver that his car has a mechanical fault or is on fire, should

he appear to be unaware of this. The diameter of the disc should be two thirds

of the shortest dimensions of the flag. (Flags should be approximately 60 x 80 cm).


a.	 An entrant shall bear the prime responsibility for compliance with all

	   rules and regulations of all persons concerned with his entry.

	   If any entrant is not present in person at a competition, his nominated dri-

	   ver, if there is more than one driver, the first nominated driver shall be

	   deemed to be his representative and shall bear all responsibilities and

	   duties of the entrant.

b.	 Any misdemeanour of a driver whilst acting as an agent, shall not absolve

	   the entrant from responsibility, and both entrant and driver shall be liable

	   to penalty.

c.	 During a competition, a driver who is not acting as an agent or any other

	   person attending a competing car, shall not be absolved from his own respon-

	   sibility because of the responsibility assumed by the entrant or his agent.

d.	 To accept a badge or a pass issued to an entrant, will be deemed to identify

	   the person concerned with the entry and to imply that his observance of the


e.	 Entrants, drivers and attendants must at all times display the means of

	   identification provided for them by the organizers. Each driver and each en-

	   trant will be delivered an individual pass plus a pass admitting a private

	   vehicle to the paddock.

	   Moreover, 7 (seven) passes for other persons (to be distributed at the

	   entrant's choice) will be delivered for each entry in addition to a pass for


	   a service vehicle. These passes can only be used by adults.

	   In the interest of safety, children cannot be admitted to the pits area.

f.	 Checking of licenses, certifications and other papers, will be as specified

	   in art. 9 a and 9 b.

	   Passes and other necessary documents will be available to the entrants or

	   his representative by written delegation in the Entry Secretariate at

	   Brogatan 25 in Anderstorp at time as will be specified in the Start Confir-



The organizers may:

a.	 Distribute the awards at their discretion if, through unforeseen circum-

	   stances, the race is stopped before its scheduled completion.

b.	 Give additional awards.

c.	 Change the order in which the events are run at the meeting with the prior

	   consent of the Sporting Stewards.

d.	 Check the conditions of eligibility of a car or of an entrant before, during

	   or after a race, provided the entrant has been notified of this intention, if

	   the verification takes place after the race, within half an hour after the

	   publication of the provisional results.

e.	 Request that a car be dismantled by the entrant in order to ascertain that

	   the conditions of eligibility of conformity are fulfilled as and when


f.	 Request an entrant to supply such components and/or samples, as may be


g.	 Request the entrant to refund all expenses arising from the exercises of

	   the above rights.

h.	 Reject any claim for refunding of expenses entailed by the competition and

	   incurred by any person taking part in the competition.

i.	 Issue instructions - by means of Appendices to the present regulations or

	   by special circulars - to the entrants, to notify them of all modifications

	   or additions they consider advisable, but which must follow the prescriptions

	   of art 66 of the Sporting Code as regards modifications made after the closing

	   of entries. These Appendices or circulars shall have the same force as the

	   present supplementary regulations.

	   For all cases not provided for in these Supplementary Regulations, the

	   decision will be made by the Sporting Stewards.


Any decision concerning a time penalty or the exclusion from the race of dri-

vers or cars, taken by the Sporting Stewards, will be notified to the entrant

concerned by the Clerk of the Course:

a.	 In the case of time penalty or exclusion, in writing to the entrant's pits

	   and to the Pit Marshal concerned.

b.	 In the case of an exclusion, the driver of the car, subject to this deci-

	   sion will also be notified by signals. To that effect, the black flag -

	   bearing the entrant's racing number - shall be displayed for two successive

	   laps (or at two places), when the car passes the finish line, by the Clerk

	   of the Course.

c.	 The entrant or his representative will also be expected to present his own

	   "STOP" signal to his driver. Should the driver then fail to stop, further

	   penalties may be imposed.

	   Mentioning a specific penalty in these Supplementary Regulations shall not

	   prevent the imposition of further penalties as may be deemed appropriate.


Should any dispute arise in connection with the interpretation of these Supplemen-


tary Regulations or instructions to be issued before the race, the decision

of the Sporting Stewards shall be final and binding, except on so far  as spe-

cified otherwise in the International Sporting Code by the F.I.A.


Breach of the regulations and failure to observe the instructions given by an

Official, will entail the imposition of one of the penalties provided for un-

der art. 150 of the Code.

The entrant will be held responsible for the payment of the fines. The fines

and penalties mentioned in these regulations are not in substitution of, but

in addition to the penalties provided for, in the International Sporting Code.


By make should be understood the publicly announced name of the manufacturing

body under which a certain model is known. For example: LOLA, FORD, TYRELL FORD,


Any case not foreseen by this rule will be the subject of a separate decision

of the C.S.I.

In the case of Formula racing cars, an "automobile make" is meant to be a com-

bination of chassis plus engine. When the chassis manufacturer fits an engine

of another make, the car shall be considered as "hybrid" and the name of the

engine manufacturer shall be associated with that of the chassis manufacturer.

Should a hybrid car win a Championship title or Cup this would be granted to

the manufacturer of the chassis.

[U]Art 35 EX-AEQUO[/U]

The prizes and points granted for the placing of drivers who are ex-aequo  will

be divided.


Each car will be identified by a racing number allotted by the organizers,

painted or stuck before the preliminary verification on both sides and at the

front of the car, in such way as to ensure its durability and legibility.

The racing numbers will be given to the cars after the technical verification

and the entrants shall under no condition exchange afterwards numbers between

entered cars.

The figures shall measure at least 30 cm in height and at least 4 cm in width,

and be painted to be clearly visible.


In the case of very bad atmospheric conditions or any other case of "force

majeure", the race may be stopped by a decision of the majority of the present

Sporting Stewards, and the following procedure will be adopted:

a.	 If it is raining at the time the race is due to start, the start will be


b.	 If the race has started and rain falls before the leader has completed 24

	   laps, the race will be stopped and declared "No contest". The race will

	   then be started as soon as conditions permit.

	   NOTE: Art. 28, paragraph (a) (2) of the Supplementary Regulations specifies

	   that the appropriate signal for stopping the race is a display of the

	   chequered and black flags together.

c.	 If the race has started and rain falls when the leader has completed bet-

	   ween 24 and 48 laps, the race will be halted for a period of at least 20

	   minutes. After 20 minutes, the race will be restarted as soon as conditions

	   permit. The procedure for the restart will be as specified in art 21. of

	   the Supplementary Regulations paragraphs (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F).

	   Positions on the starting grid will be determined by race positions at the

	   time the race was halted. Cars which have retired, before the race was halted,

	   will not be allowed to restart. To halt the race, the chequered and black


	   flags will be shown together, as above.

d.	 If the race is halted as (c) above, it will be regarded as having been run

	   in heats and final positions will be calculated by adding together the times

	   taken by drivers to complete each heat.

e.	 If the race has started and rain falls after the leader has completed 48

	   laps, the race will be stopped and regarded as finished. The usual chequered

	   flag "End of Race" Signal will be given.

f.	 The Clerk of the Course asks entrants and drivers each to nominate by noon

	   on Sunday 9th June, two persons who will be available for consultation

	   as to the race-ability of the track. If rain starts to fall, these persons

	   should report to Race Control as soon as possible.[/I]